Traditional Theatre forms of India

Traditional Indian Folk Theatres
"Theatre is a mirror, a sharp reflection of the society"

Theatre - Theatre is a collaborative form of performing art that uses live performers, usually actors or actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place, often a stage.

traditonal folk theatres
Classification of Folk theatres of India

Traditional theatres of Indian History 
  1. Bhand Pather - Jammu & Kashmir
    • Theme - Satire on society
  2. Swang - Originally emerged from Haryana. There are two versions of Swang. The theme of the Swang is Parody and Entertainment.
    1. Rohtak Swang - Haryana
    2. Hatras Swang - Uttar Pradesh
  3. Nautanki - UP
    • Doha and Chaupais are used in this theatre which are inspired from Hindu religious literature.
    • This theatre is entertaining, devotional and satirical.
  4. Rasleela - UP (Braj Area)
    • Theme - Love affairs of Lord Krishna.
  5. Ramleela - UP (Awadh)
    • Theme - Life story of Lord Rama.
  6. Maach - Madhya Pradesh
    • Theme - Complain about mother-in-law
  7. Pandwani - MP
    • Theme - Story of Pandavas
    • One of the famous proponents of Pandvani, Sushri Usha Barle received Padma Shri in 2019.
  8. Bideshiya - Bihar
    • Theme is based on the separation between the lovers.
  9. Jatra - West Bengal
    • Jatra is a fair organised in the honour of god.
    • It was popularised by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu who also incorporated Kirtan music in Jatra.
  10. Bhaona - Assam
    • Theme - It is the representation of Ankia Naat of Assam.
  11. Bhavai - Gujarat
    • It is devotional theatre inspired from series of Lord Krishna.
  12. Daandiya Raas - Gujarat
    • It is specially performed on the festival of Navratra.
    • Garba is the music whereas Dandiya is the dance form.
  13. Tamasha - Maharashtra 
    • It is an entertaining theatre from Maharashtra which was performed by the fishermen community.
    • It is noted for the use of Lavani Music.
  14. Dashavatar - Goa
    • Theme - 10 incarnation of Lord Vishnu.
  15. Yakshagana - Karnataka
    • Theme - Events of Mahabharata
  16. Mudiyettu - Kerala
    • Theme is based on the triumph of goddess Bhadra Kali over asura Darika.
  17. Koothiyattam - Kerala
    • It is the oldest surviving traditional theatre of India.
    • It is devotional in nature and performed in Sanskrit and Malayalam.
  18. Therukutti - Tamil Nadu
    • It is performed to please the rain goddess Mari Amman. 
    • Its theme is inspired from the life of Draupadi.

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Note - This is my Vision IAS Notes (Vision IAS Class Notes) and Ashutosh Pandey Sir's Public Administration Class notes. I've also added some of the information on my own. 

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